April 8th, 2020 Springfield-Toledo Supertwister
EF5 tornado

The tornado churning across the countryside, only a few miles before dealing EF3 damage to Brookston, Indiana
Date April 8, 2020
Times 1301PM-1700PM CDT
Touchdown location 1301PM CDT
Highest winds

225 mph (estimated)

Injuries >1750
Fatalities 233
Damage $12B
Areas affected Tri-State Area, Springfield, IL-Paulding, OH
Part of the
April 7th-9th, 2020 Tornado Outbreak

The April 8th, 2020 Springfield-Toledo "Supertwister" was a historic, long-track tornado that touched down in the southern metropolitan neighborhoods of Springfield, plowing across central Illinois, central Indiana, and part of northwest Ohio before dissipating over a field near Paulding. The deadly EF5 tornado easily broke the record for the longest track ever, and was known as the "Second Tri-State Twister".

Meteorological Synopsis

See here for details.

Tornado Life Summary

The supercell that spawned the Springfield-Toledo Supertwister received its first severe thunderstorm warning to the west of Bowling Green, Missouri at 11:53AM when ping pong ball size hail was reported by a certified meteorologist. By the time the storm reached Franklin, Illinois, at 12:51PM, it had produced 70MPH wind gusts and dropped hail the size of tennis balls. While passing over Franklin, a wall cloud was confirmed by a man's photo he had taken from inside a local McDonald's as it was directly overhead. Finally, at 12:56PM, the NWS issued a tornado warning when strong rotation was detected east of Loami, approaching Springfield.

At 1:01PM, with sirens blaring, a tornado was confirmed moving through a neighborhood in Southern View, downing trees and mildly damaging roofs. The tornado then crossed the South Dirksen Parkway, causing the roof of an Applebee's restaurant to collapse on 12 people taking shelter and causing EF1 damage to several businesses in the area. The tornado raced in no time toward an east Springfield neighborhood, crossing Lake Springfield and doing more EF1 damage. After leaving the Springfield metropolitan area, the tornado did mild damage to a barnhouse before dissipating over a forest.

Suddenly, at 1:11PM, a large, violent tornado was spotted by storm chasers on the same storm as it emerged from the forest. The tornado swiftly crossed the field into a treeline, where it caught the residents around Mechanicsburg off-guard and only left the inner walls of weak houses standing and demolished roofs. The tornado killed 3 at this point and injured another 12. The tornado, now with estimated winds at 135MPH, tracked towards Decatur for a long 15 minutes before crossing I-72. At this point 4 teenagers attempting to outrun the tornado were caught in the outer circulation, where they veered to the right and were rolled several hundred yards across a field, killing all 4 passengers. The tornado then reached the northwest neighborhoods of Decatur, severely damaging 1-story homes and moderately debarking trees before moving into more developed neighborhoods and only leaving the inner walls of 2-story houses standing- entire second-stories were reduced to rubble. The near mile wide wedge then moved into the north-central part of town, severely damaging businesses along West Perishing Road. It then barreled over an empty shopping mall where one person was gripping for life onto a pillar just outside of the structure, the incredibly lucky man only sustained minor injuries. After the tornado left Decatur at 1:31PM, the supercell began to shift slightly northeast, putting the town of Champaign 30 miles away in its path. Heavy vehicles and debris from town were discovered a quarter-mile away, with the death toll reaching 24 and the injury toll topping at 189.

As the tornado roared across empty countryside toward Champaign, the supercell began developing a moist inflow jet that blanketed the tornado behind a wall of rain and golf ball size hail. Storm chaser Martin Van Lois, who riskily found his way through the rain, reported that the tornado was taking on a multi-vortex stage.

1200px-Tushka, Oklahoma tornado April 14, 2011

The tornado in multi-vortex stage before demolishing a barn, taken by chaser Martin Van Lois

From there, the rainwrapped tornado swiftly approached I-72 and caused a major semi truck pileup, blocking the highway completely. The tornado, still multi-vortex stage, entered the small city of Monticello and demolished the north side of town, leaving trees debarked and reducing a few well-houses into rubble on top of a slab. The only room left standing of the well constructed Piatt County Nursing Home was the concrete storm shelter located within the building. The only structures that didn't sustain severe tornadic damage to some degree were in the extreme southern part of town. Nobody was killed in Monticello, however 37 people required hospitalization.

At 1:54PM, a tornado emergency was issued for Champaign and at 2:04PM the tornado, now showing a large sub-vortex giving it a "twin" appearance, raced though Seymour and Bondville toward far northwestern Champaign. First, the tornado plowed over farmland in the extreme northwest corner of Champaign, ruining cover crops and twisting a row of grain silos beyond recognition. The tornado then moved further northeast, reducing the New Horizon United Methodist Church to rubble and destroying two automobile dealerships, hurling cars up to a half-mile away. The neighborhoods around Dodge and Heritage Parks sustained damage from 80MPH RFD. The High School of St. Thomas More suffered major damages, where the southern part of the school collapsed due to large glass panels that allowed the windspeeds to accelerate. There, 203mph winds were recorded due to this acceleration. A bathroom that belonged to a small Dairy Queen where 7 people hid was barely left standing. The US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory along with a business strip took a direct hit from the tornado's sub-vortex, leaving the north end of the well-constructed Research Laboratory with hefty damages. The rest of the Lab was relatively okay. The business strip consisting of more decently-constructed buildings was reduced to rubble. Remarkably, only 1 person was injured after being crushed by debris while taking shelter inside a grocery store.

As the tornado left Champaign at 2:08PM, a brief satellite tornado formed on the back of the storm and the curtain of rain thinned away, revealing a large, photogenic stovepipe tornado accompanied by its wriggling sub-vortex. However, the tornado did not remain photogenic for long. The sub-vortex began fizzling away, morphing into a deadly horizontal vortex that ran across the loud-roaring wedge. The monstrous wedge plowed through the countryside for 27 minutes, demolishing many structures within the rural town of Potomac and sweeping away portions of the debris from the foundation. The only structures left entirely standing in the central part of town were the east wall of the Middlefork United Methodist Church, and a meat freezer from Casey's General Store where nearly 40 people took shelter. All other structures were either destroyed completely or had the interior bathroom walls partially standing. The tornado left 19 dead and 138 injured in Potomac. Shortly after impacting the rural town, the vortex churned across the state line into Indiana and slammed the unincorporated community of Tab. There, a stopped, half-loaded train was overturned and nearly every structure within the community was flattened. Every member of the community survived by hiding in a backroom of the Tab Christian Church, which remarkably was the only room left fully intact through the ordeal.

At 2:59PM, the tornado passed approximately 10 miles north of downtown Lafayette and struck Brookston head-on. On the western side of town, houses were severely damaged with only inner walls remaining. The well-constructed Frontier Elementary School sustained heavy damage, especially in the cafeteria as the roof and walls caved in which resulted in the entire roof being lofted away. As the tornado reached the east side of town, entire second stories were swept away with only the inner walls of the first story left. Throughout the town, trees were debarked and cars were discovered half a mile away. Well-constructed businesses also had demolished exterior walls and roofs. The tornado killed 1 and injured 24 as it passed over the town.

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Tornado damage in east Brookston

Shortly after passing over Brookston, the half-mile wide tornado crossed the Tippecanoe River and dealt EF3 damage to a small unnamed neighborhood south of the Oakdale Dam; bulldozing mobile homes and leaving only the far innermost walls standing in most houses. A small pond on the east side of the neighborhood had some of its water sucked from it. It is here where a mother, a 7 year old child, and an infant were killed while attempting to flee the neighborhood by vehicle; which was discovered a quarter-mile away. Another 3 people were injured. If most of the residents of the tiny neighborhood had not fled before the tornado arrived, despite advice not to, the death and injury tolls would both be much higher.

From there, the tornado moved alongside the Wabash River, leaving a path of partially debarked, withered, and mangled trees. At 3:10PM, the tornado rolled over the miniscule, unincorporated community of Lockport, where the foundations of frame houses were shifted and cars were flipped. It was also at this time that a tornado emergency was issued for Logansport. 8 minutes later, the tornado passed over an Essroc Materials concrete plant where it dealt minor damage to pipes and large, well built structures as well as threw cars short distances. 1 minute later, it demolished a mobile home park near Dunkirk before making a sharp right and lofting the roof from the Cass County Fire District 1 building. Seconds later, the tornado entered a northern neighborhood of Logansport, leaving the many small, 1-story frame houses without roofs and their outer walls. Some frame houses were shifted. Both the Columbia Elementary School and Columbia Middle School suffered minor damages. The tornado then moved across the neighborhood and obliterated the roof and steeple of the Rehoboth Christian Center. The well-constructed Logansport Memorial Hospital also suffered minor damages. Next, the vortex crossed the fields of Huston Park where it did more damage along Chieftain Row and Davis Road, passing over the Eel River and tearing through houses along East Perrysburg Road before dealing damage to a neighborhood surrounding Lake Perry. The tornado proceeded over a field where it demolished several farmsteads before leaving the city of Logansport at 3:20PM, leaving 95 people injured.

The tornado continued its east-northeast trajectory, hitting Adamsboro head-on where it decapped the roofs of houses and blew them away, demolished several mobile homes, and turned the outer walls of small, 1-story frame houses into rubble. Here, the Miami Baptist Church where many people of the community took refuge had its entire roof lofted away and its back walls blown down, sucking indoor furniture and other items out of the building; inflicting injury to a wife and husband. The tiny Miami Church just across the street was demolished. 9 minutes later, the tornado passed about a mile north of Peru, hitting structures south of the small town of Mexico. At this point, the storm was noticeably regaining its strength. The Miami County Sherrif's Office had its roof blown clean off, causing severe damage to the courtroom and tossing police cars into a field a few hundred yards away. No damage was done to the jail cells underground. At the same time, the tornado was also passing over the Miami County Speedway, the Miami County Fairgrounds, and the Grace Pointe Community Church. At the Miami County Speedway, the poorly built sitting bleachers had its sheet metal overhanging peeled away and its supports blown down, scattering sharp metal across a field. At the Miami County Fairgrounds, several camping RVs were blown into the petting zoo and surrounding buildings, killing livestock and busting large holes into the metal structures. The sheet metal roofs were easily blown apart. At the well-built Grace Pointe Community Church, the two front entrances were blown away along with the entire roof. As the roof of the church swung down, it was sucked out of the building, caving a massive hole into the back wall. The tornado also rolled over a neighborhood directly north, leaving only the inner walls standing of well-constructed houses and blowing away sheds and garages. Fortunately, nobody was killed and no serious injuries were reported.

As the tornado moved across the countryside for yet another 10 minutes, a well-constructed neighborhood by the Honeywood Golf Course to the north of Wabash experienced tree, roof, and siding damage from 80MPH RFD. Further north, the Wabash County Truck Wash was heavily deformed after a direct hit from the tornado, which launched trailers more than a mile and threw semi-trucks 100-200 yards. The decently constructed Triple-L restaurant was reduced to rubble, along with several other homes in the area, resulting in a death and an injury. An old, 1-story house was picked up from its slab and dropped several yards away. A very old, poorly constructed house along with the Studio 15 Hair Care salon were blown clean from their foundations; killing the two owners of the hair salon. At 3:42PM, the tornado barreled over Northfield Jr./Sr. High School and Sharp Creek Elementary School. The entire back end of the junior high/senior high school was blown out and the roof was lofted off. An outbuilding of the high school was flattened in place as well. At the elementary school, the intense winds ripped through the building and caused many walls to cave in, as well as the roof to be torn off and obliterated. Many old, small homes nearby to the schools were completely obliterated or swept clean from their foundations with little trace left. 2 people were killed in these homes and 1 suffered critical injuries.


The tornado, as taken from a semi driver, just moments before impacting the Wabash County Truck Wash

The mile-wide tornado traversed across the open countryside for yet another 10 minutes, narrowly missing the small communities of Bippus and Andrews. A late tornado emergency was issued for Huntington as meteorologists debated whether the tornado would cross within the city limits or not, and less than 5 minutes later the tornado had already obliterated the neighborhoods around the Norwood Golf Club. From the golf club, the tornado completely obliterated several electric and vehicle businesses as the tornado began to churn alongside Highway 24. An entire movie theater nearby to these businesses was demolished, laying rest to 8 people and injuring 7 more. Just to the south, the northwest neighborhoods of Huntington experienced EF1 damage while being caught in the outer circulation, including a high school. A Walmart supercenter where several people were taking cover was heavily damaged, but fortunately only 1 person suffered a serious injury. The tornado then continued to demolish businesses along Highway 24 before plowing over a well-developed neighborhood. At this point, an EF2 anti-cyclonic tornado formed southwest of the parent tornado, ripping through a neighborhood south of Highway 24 and directly impacting the Huntington University. As the tornado marked Huntington with its legacy after leaving town at 3:57PM, 8 were killed and 49 injured.

At 4:03PM, with the NWS tornado emergency still in effect, the tornado crossed E900 road into Roanoke. There, it impacted a northwestern neighborhood, narrowly missing the Roanoke Funeral Chapel. More than 50 of the community's single story homes suffered intense structural damage. 1 life was claimed in Roanoke along with only 12 injuries, remarkable numbers considering the conditions the residents faced.

Continuing into 4:05PM, the NWS issued yet another tornado emergency for the booming city of Fort Wayne. At 4:11PM the tornado crossed under-construction I-69, and at 4:12PM it was churning into Southwest Waynedale of Fort Wayne. The tornado first ripped apart trees in the Orchard Ridge Country Club. Then, it advanced into the neighborhoods of Southwest and Southeast Waynedale, causing violent structural damage and lofting cars over houses into the eastern side of the city limits. Large vans and trucks were wrapped around trees, unrecognizable. The tornado quickly raced into the neighborhoods of Avalon and Winterset, dealing more violent damage to homes and tossing cars across St. Mary's River, where trees fell into the river and floated south. Similar damage occurred in the districts of Westchester, South Suburban, Victoria Park, Hoevelwood, Continental Park, Casselwood Terrace, and Eastland Gardens; all locations where damage of EF5 strength was surveyed. At 4:20PM, the tornado hit a joint and blazed out of Fort Wayne, and in less than a minute it was already bearing down on the neighborhoods of New Haven. For three minutes, it terrorized the southern and central suburbs, absolutely demolishing over 300 buildings. Many homes in New Haven were reduced to nothing but rubble, with other buildings even being swept away. Combined, the Fort Wayne and New Haven areas suffered a horrific 165 casualties as well as over 1200 injuries. Had the tornado not seen it's extensive news coverage it received over the hours, these statistics would be much higher.

Supertornado in Fort Wayne

The tornado, taken from an unknown photographer, as it advanced into the Southwest and Southeast Waynedale areas

At 4:44PM, the tornado plowed through an abandoned trainyard east of New Haven, levelling the Fort Wayne Historical Train Society. At 4:48PM, the weakening tornado passed just south of Woodburn, Indiana. At 4:54PM, the tornado, dimming to a small stovepipe, whipped south of the tornado-hardened town of Antwerp, Ohio. Finally, at 5:00PM, the devastating April 2020 Supertwister peacefully fizzled away just north of Paulding, Ohio, under the light of storm chasers' cameras.


The day immediately after the tornadoes, a State of Emergency was issued in several disaster zones--related and unrelated to the tornado--including Champaign and Fort Wayne. Although the main tornado only reached Paulding, Ohio--approximately 65 miles from Toledo--an EF0 tornado from the same storm hit Toledo at 6:00PM CDT, hence the denotation, "Springfield-Toledo Supertwister". It's also worth noting that the tornado which impacted Springfield was likely not the same tornado that impacted Mechanicsburg as the storm moved through. However, since there is no evidence to prove otherwise, it's classified to be the same tornado. Through all three states of Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio, approximately 1700 people were injured and 223 directly related deaths occurred. It hit a maximum width of 1.3 miles travelling through Champaign, and hit peak windspeeds of an estimated 225mph over Fort Wayne. The tornado raced at an average speed of 68mph. A whopping $12 billion in damage occurred, smashing the record for the costliest tornado ever. With a path in excess of 300 miles, it also surpassed the record set by the 1925 Tri-State Tornado of 219 miles. Not only that, the April 2020 Supertwister was the longest tornado on record--at 3 hours and 59 minutes--just past the 3 hours and 30 minutes also set by the 1925 Tri-State Tornado.

Damage Assessment

Springfield/Southern View, IL -

Where the tornado began in metropolitan Springfield, minor damage occurred. As it passed through the business strip, an EF2 rating was considered due to the collapse of an Applebee's roof. However, this was only rated as EF1 damage due to the supports not being well built. In the neighborhoods near Lake Springfield, the bulk of the damage included broken windows, damaged external doors, roof stripping, downed trees, and shingle peeling. 2nd story balconies were damaged, with the doors leading to the balconies removed entirely. These damages indicate that the tornado was an EF1 as it passed through the Springfield metropolitan.

Mechanicsburg, IL -

As the tornado passed through Mechanicsburg, considerable damage occurred. Through its small neighborhood blocks, the outer walls were torn from houses, roofs were lofted, large trees were uprooted, and cars ranging from light to heavy were displaced. Although house damage indicated something similar to EF3 strength, it's concluded that it was only EF2 damage as these houses were not well built. The stronger Pryco Inc. building had its windows broken and sheet metal roofing removed in places.

Decatur/Forsyth, IL -

Bearing down on the Decatur area, the tornado was already nearing a mile in width. In Decatur, the far northwestern neighborhoods saw severe structural damage, where the tornado impacted first. Consisting of single-story homes, the northwestern section of Decatur saw roofs torn from houses, as well as exterior walls being reduced to rubble and even some interior walls in weaker homes. Small frame homes on the outskirts were shifted. A red pickup truck was found in the roof of another home, several blocks away. Another heavy van was found wrapped on top of a tree, hardly recognizable. The further-developed northeastern neighborhoods saw similar damage. Entire second-stories of well constructed homes were demolished, and exterior walls were yet again knocked down. Roof debris was launched high into the air. More cars were tossed several blocks away, becoming missiles. The Hickory Point Golf Course was scraped bare of small trees and some shrubs. Large trees were debarked. The Hickory Point Mall, a large shopping center in Decatur, had its windows blown out, roof severely damaged, and its interior wrecked. Many other restaurants and businesses nearby suffered similar damage. The Decatur damage was officially rated as high-end EF3 by damage assessment teams.

Monticello, IL -

As it passed through town, the tornado damaged or destroyed nearly every building in Monticello, topping over 2,000 buildings. In the northwest part of town, homes were devoid of their second story floors, which were completely obliterated by the tornado. The walls of well-built houses were reduced to rubble. Trees were severely mangled and debarked, likely because of its multi-vortex structure. The commercial area saw roofs lofted off, windows blown out, and some walls facing heavy damage. Toward the east, the well-constructed Piatt County Nursing Home had all of its walls torn away, with only the concrete storm shelter still standing. Homes just northeast of the nursing home were reduced to rubble on top of a slab. Lincoln Elementary was devastated by the tornado, as it had glass doors leading outside as well as wide windows. This allowed wind to accelerate and, ultimately, destroy walls as well as the roof. Further south, buildings underwent damage ranging from wall collapse to roof stripping. The damage was rated to be EF4, as a strong vortex from the tornado caused devastating damage to the Piatt County Nursing Home and several other homes nearby. This was the first instance of violent tornado damage to occur with the tornado.

Seymour/Bondville, IL -

The farming communities of Seymour and Bondville were the lesser-known areas impacted by the tornado. Seymour was the first to be impacted, and suffered the south edge of the tornado. The small frame homes were shifted from their foundations and suffered extreme roof destruction as well as wall collapse. Many mobile homes on the west side of town were annihilated, and large trees were pushed over. Bondville experienced similar damage, but in a smaller area. It was concluded that both communities underwent EF2 damage, with Seymour experiencing the main vortex of the tornado and Bondville experiencing a possible anti-cyclonic tornado.

Champaign, IL -

Upon the tornado's entry in the extreme northwest corner of Champaign, a row of grain silos were twisted beyond recognition. The New Horizon Methodist Church was reduced to rubble, and two automobile dealerships nearby had heavy cars thrown a mile away. The High School of St. Thomas Moore, where 203mph winds were recorded, suffered very intense damage; including the collapse of the south portion of the school. Nearby, a Dairy Queen was left with its only bathroom barely left standing. To the south, the US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory had its north section left with severe damages. Expensive equipment in the north wing was destroyed. However, the southern wing did not experience such damages. Shops along a business strip were reduced to rubble. Additionally, trees were severely debarked/snapped, and homes near the Dodds and Heritage Parks experienced shingle peeling from RFD winds. Damage in Champaign was assessed to be EF4, as several well-constructed buildings were obliterated.

Potomac, IL -

Potomac suffered devastating damage. Throughout the central part of the community, many homes were demolished, with portions of debris being swept from their foundations. However, most of the homes in Potomac were either built cheaply or did not have their anchor bolts installed correctly. Casey's General Store, which took a direct hit, had only a crammed meat freezer left standing. The Gifford State Bank and Potomac Public Library were flattened; books from the library were found in Indiana. The well-constructed Middlefork United Methodist Church, which also sustained a direct hit, had only its east wall left standing. The Potomac Village Water Plant had some of its equipment damaged, which included large chunks of debris puncturing the newly-installed water tanks. Additionally, large trees in the central part of town were snapped or debarked. Cars were smashed into buildings and carried far distances from town, up to 3 quarters of a mile and further. The north and south parts of town were relatively okay, only experiencing damages ranging from EF0-EF2. The Potomac Elementary School and Potomac Grade School were both okay. After careful consideration, the tornado damage was rated at low-end EF4.

Tab, IN -

Tab was another forgotten community impacted by the tornado, suffering severe damage. During its late damage assessment, a half-loaded train was seen flipped on its side. Every single home in the community was flattened, and upon further inspection it was evident that the homes were poorly built. The trailer homes that once stood in the area were gone, torn unrecognizable by the tornado. The Tab Christian Church had only a single back room left barely standing, which had been impaled with a sharp piece of wood. Trees in the community were debarked. The damage in Tab warranted an EF3 rating, earned by the overturned train. Some debris and a vehicle from Tab is still believed to be missing.

Brookston, IN -

Brookston experienced severe damage, with the brunt of the damage happening on the south side. One of the first structures to be hit, the Frontier Elementary School had collapsed walls and its entire roof lofted away. The interior of the school was wrecked. Houses surrounding the school were left with only interior walls, entire second stories were destroyed. A Subway restaurant, also nearby, had only the front entrance still standing. Neighborhood blocks further east saw houses with similar damage, but noticeably worse in one instance where a well-constructed home collapsed. Throughout the south-central part of town, trees were debarked. Vehicles, including school buses, were found a half-mile away, and one car was even found several miles away in a field. However, the car was likely dropped and picked up again at least once. All of the damage in Brookston was determined to be, "classic EF3" and was rated as such.

Dunkirk/Logansport, IN -

The Dunkirk and Logansport areas saw considerable damage. Near Dunkirk, a mobile home park was completely destroyed. Nearby, the newly reconstructed Cass County Fire District 1 building had its roof lofted away and garage mostly destroyed. Fire equipment stocked in the garage was torn apart and mangled. The small, single-story frame houses in a northern neighborhood of Logansport had their roofs and outside walls demolished; ultimately leaving the interior walls standing. Some frame houses in the tornado's core were shifted from their foundation. A couple instances occurred where houses were flattened entirely. However, these instances didn't count toward the rating because they were poorly constructed. The Columbia Elementary School and Columbia Middle School faced heavy wall damage, blown-out windows, and roof collapse. The Rehoboth Christian Center had its roof obliterated. Its steeple was left hanging off the building by a small piece of plywood. The Logansport Memorial Hospital had windows blown out on the north and west sides, but otherwise was left mostly intact. Well-constructed houses near Lake Perry had their roofs blown off and second-story floors left with heavy damages. Wall collapse was not uncommon with homes in the tornado's core. Throughout all areas, large trees were uprooted and cars were tossed around, mangling with the debris of nearby homes. The damage was officially rated as EF2, but is disputed to be EF3.

Adamsboro, IN -

Adamsboro underwent considerable damage. The community's small frame houses had their roofs lofted away and walls destroyed. Garages were flattened, especially the weaker large, sheet metal garages which were easily blown down. The destruction of garages allowed heavy vehicles and equipment to be shifted around and rolled. Several mobile homes were annihilated, with traces of them left throughout the debris. The Miami Baptist Church had its roof torn off and back walls blown down, allowing most of the furniture to be sucked out of the building. The smaller Miami Church just across the street was demolished. Damage in Adamsboro was determined to be EF2, since most of the structures in the area were not well built or made from cheap material.

Huntington, IN -

Huntington suffered through devastating damage. Just outside of Huntington, the area circling the Norwood Golf Club was defaced. Dirt mounds were ripped apart as tightly-rooted trees designed to hold the soil together were torn away. The main building was reduced to rubble, with its heavy roof frames and walls found among the debris of the Fox Hole Pub nearby. Golf carts, in some instances, were found hardly recognizable among the debris in Huntington. The wealthy neighborhoods nearby saw houses levelled with only debris piles or debris traces left as well. Along Highway 24, where the tornado tracked into Huntington, 2 electric businesses were flattened by debris. In one instance, the electrical components inside the Schneider Electric building exploded, starting an electrical fire that burned down the building entirely. The Gerdau Huntington auto repair business had its entire roof torn away and walls nearly collapsed. Metal parts from the workshop were never found, and a semi truck from the same workshop was rolled 250 yards. The GQT Huntington 7 theater faced complete devastation, as the entire building was levelled and scattered. Just northeast, the Walmart Supercenter had its roof lofted off and back walls knocked down. Shelves from the store were found along the debris of other restaurants and businesses, which were reduced to rubble by the tornado. A well-developed neighborhood just northeast of the business area was flattened; houses were blown apart into fields of rubble, cars were tossed into neighboring fields outside of town, and trees were heavily debarked or uprooted. Two man-made ponds were sucked bare of water. The northwestern and northeastern neighborhoods just south of Highway 24, which were caught in the outer circulation, underwent roof stripping, dislodged outer doors, and broken windows. The Huntington North Highschool saw similar damage, however the damage was particularly worse than the surrounding neighborhoods as it suffered through debris pounding. Additionally, homes in a northeastern neighborhood had their roofs torn off, and the Huntington University was impacted by debris as an EF2 anti-cyclonic tornado developed. The rating associated with the tornado damage in Huntington was determined to be EF4, however an EF5 rating is disputed due to possible evidence of EF5 damage near the Norwood Golf Club and in the far northeastern neighborhoods.

Roanoke, IN -

Roanoke underwent severe damage. Small, frame houses along E900 Road just west of Roanoke were nearly levelled, with most walls being reduced to rubble. Homes in a far northwestern neighborhood of Roanoke were clipped by the tornado, with several homes left only with interior walls standing. Most homes still had some exterior walls standing. The Roanoke Funeral Chapel, which was narrowly missed by the tornado, had the north end of its roof torn off. Structures south of the Chapel only faced minor damages. The final damage assessment reported EF3 damage in Roanoke, localized in the far northwestern houses along Gene Drive.

Fort Wayne, IN -

Fort Wayne suffered incredible damage. Under-construction I-69 had sections of asphalt peeled from the highway. Just east of Ferndale, the Orchard Ridge Country Club was stripped bare of its large trees and low shrubs. Small, nearby houses were completely levelled from their foundation with debris swept away, where dirt mounds from the golf course were overturned. Especially along McArthur Drive and Dale Drive, both 1 and 2 story houses were levelled from their foundations with debris completely swept away. Heavy vehicles were tossed into the eastern city limits and further north. A large Kroger shop was completely flattened, also with almost all of its debris swept away. The Maplewood Elementary School had most of its walls collapsed and roofing torn away. Heavy, noticeable ground scoring occurred on the playground field. The smaller homes of Avalon and Winterset were also swept away on the south-central side of the tornado, accompanied by the apartments of Willow Creek Crossing. These structures had little trace left. Furniture and appliances are believed to have been carried for miles. In the St. Marys River, snapped trees and clumps of debris created a logjam that nearly flooded the South Bridge Apartments. Streets in Westchester and South Suburban were peeled off in sections, with its small residences being stripped from their foundations. The Towles Intermediate School, which was near the core of the tornado, had its entire south section ripped away. The north section was reduced to rubble. The 21 buildings of the Muslim Community Help Center were flattened with little trace left. Jagged bricks from these buildings were found scattered among homes and inside cars over a mile away. A few businesses along South Anthony Blvd were among the buildings with clean slabs, except for a CVS store where the front countertop was left laying on its side. In Oakland Park, the Astoria Apartments and Townhomes were swept away. Only the southern side apartments still had debris left. In one instance, a section of apartments tumbled on its side into the parking lot. A small business lot in Casselwood Terrace was left with accumulated piles of debris and the scattered remains of a semi truck. Houses mainly along Mono Gene Drive were cleaned from their foundations. These houses were weaker, however. A few more structures were annihilated in the path toward New Haven. Throughout all of Fort Wayne's southern neighborhoods, large trees were snapped or gone. The area south of the tornado experienced strong RFD damage, including stripped roofs and broken windows. Through several days of thorough damage assessment, the damage in Fort Wayne quickly earned an EF5 rating, with, "Classic, unforgiving, EF5 damage".

New Haven, IN -

New Haven saw incredible damage. On the west side, along Seiler Road, homes were shredded into scattered rubble. The small neighborhood ponds north and south of Seiler Road were sucked dry of their water, leaving broken spouts spewing water. Homes along Winding Shores Road and Scarborough Road had several houses swept away, with debris found among the fields to the east. A box truck lifted from Winding Shores Road was found mangled around a tree blocks away, mostly reduced to its frame. Several more 2 story homes south of Moeller Road were also swept away with only debris traces left, and houses north of Moeller Road were levelled. Many large trees in New Haven were snapped at the base or thrown. Cars were scattered around the debris and in fields, most unable to be identified. A boat from New Haven was carried for miles. Salvatori's, a restaurant off South Doyle Road, was almost swept away. Silverware from the restaurant was believed to have been found in Ohio. The damage in New Haven was also rated to be EF5, as most of the houses swept away were somewhat new and well constructed. New Haven was the last community to be hit by the tornado.

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