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August 2-4, 2018 Tornado Outbreak
Wedge tornado 5.png
The only EF5 of the Outbreak on the 3rd, near Prague, Oklahoma.
Type: Tornado Outbreak
Active: August 2-4, 2018
Duration of tornado outbreak1: 2 days, 2 hours, 38 minutes
Maximum rated tornado2: EF5 tornado
Highest winds 296 mph (476 km/h)
(Prague, Oklahoma EF5 on August 3rd)
Tornadoes confirmed: 60
Damage: $16,886,018,150 (2018 USD)
Injuries: 5,175
Fatalities: 262
Areas affected: US States of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and South Dakota

1Time from first tornado to last tornado
2Most severe tornado damage; see wikipedia:Enhanced Fujita scale

The August 2-4, 2018 Tornado Outbreak was a medium, deadly, and costly outbreak that occurred primarily in the Midwestern United States.

In all, a total of 60 tornadoes touched down, including 22 EF0's, 16 EF1's, 9 EF2's, 7 EF3's, 5 EF4's, and 1 EF5. A total of 262 people died, another 5,175 were injured and $16.88 billion (2018 USD) in damages was done.

The strongest tornado of the outbreak was the Prague, Oklahoma EF5 with winds up to 296 mph (476 km/h). The weakest tornado was an EF0 near Moore, Oklahoma with recorded wind speeds just under 30 mph (48 km/h) on August 4.

The deadliest and costliest was also the Prague EF5. The outbreak occurred as of a result of high amounts of instability in the atmosphere and storms that formed in Europe strengthened over the Atlantic Ocean and caused this outbreak to form supercells and cause many strong and violent twisters.

Extensive damage occurred as of a result from this outbreak, including: destroyed homes, restaurants, businesses, and multiple factories, damage to millions of trees, thousands of cars were also either damaged, destroyed or never located. Multiple buildings were as extensively damaged from a few EF2's and EF3's.

The Prague, OK EF5 had one of the highest recorded wind speeds of the entire 2018 Tornado Season. The EF5 is also considered one of the most violent tornadoes ever.

The outbreak also is known for it's damage, causing over $16.8 billion (2018 USD) in damages. The state of Oklahoma had the most tornadoes with a total number of 49 tornadoes. Just like the 2018 Super Outbreak, the state recorded the most tornadoes in an outbreak.

Synopsis

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
60 22 16 9 7 5 1


A total of tornadoes touched down, causing deaths, injuries, and in damages. A total of 22 EF0's, 16 EF1's, 9 EF2's, 7 EF3's, 5 EF4's, and 1 EF5 touched down over the course of the outbreak.

Tornado Statistics

August 2, 2018 Tornado Outbreak Outlook (Hitman)

The tornado convective outlook for August 2, 2018.

August 4, 2018 Tornado Outbreak Outlook (Hitman)

The tornado convective outlook for August 4, 2018.

August 3, 2018 Tornado Outbreak Outlook (Hitman)

The tornado convective outlook for August 3, 2018.

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Tornadoes by Day
State Total EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
August 2 14 5 6 1 1 1 0
August 3 38 13 8 7 5 4 1
August 4 8 4 2 1 1 0 0
Total 60 22 16 9 7 5 1

Tornadoes by State 

State Tornadoes
250px-Flag of Oklahoma.svg
Oklahoma
49
800px-Flag of Kansas.svg
Kansas
2
800px-Flag of Minnesota.svg
Minnesota
2
800px-Flag of Missouri.svg
Missouri
2
800px-Flag of Illinois.svg
Illinois
1
800px-Flag of Indiana.svg
Indiana
1
Flag of South Dakota.svg
South Dakota
1
250px-Flag of Wisconsin.svg
Wisconsin
1

Events

Main Article: List of tornadoes in the August 2-4, 2018 Tornado Outbreak

Notable Tornadoes

Davenport, Iowa

Main Article: 2018 Davenport, Iowa Tornado

EF4 tornado
85643dd972453e8b3c53b5325a2c9533.jpg
Duration 5:56 PM CDT – 7:02 PM CDT
Intensity 305 km/h (190 mph) (1-min)


Binger, Oklahoma

Main Article: 2018 Caddo County, Oklahoma Tornado

EF3 tornado
Chriscalvert-shawneetornado.jpg
Duration 4:51 PM CDT – 5:31 PM CDT
Intensity 270 km/h (165 mph) (1-min)


Piedmont, Oklahoma

Main Article: 2018 Piedmont, Oklahoma Tornado

EF4 tornado
Z0owj.png
Duration 7:32 PM CDT – 9:06 PM CDT
Intensity 285 km/h (180 mph) (1-min)


Okarche, Oklahoma

Main Article: 2018 Okarche, Oklahoma Tornado

EF4 tornado
Chapman, KS EF4 5-25-16.jpg
Duration 7:57 PM CDT – 9:07 PM CDT
Intensity 305 km/h (190 mph) (1-min)


Guthrie, Oklahoma

Main Article: 2018 Guthrie, Oklahoma Tornado

EF4 tornado
Miller.jpg
Duration 8:01 PM CDT – 9:08 PM CDT
Intensity 295 km/h (185 mph) (1-min)


Lincoln County, Oklahoma

Main Article: 2018 Lincoln County, Oklahoma Tornado

EF4 tornado
EF3 tornado; Sep 25.jpg
Duration 8:09 PM CDT – 9:46 PM CDT
Intensity 285 km/h (180 mph) (1-min)


Prague, Oklahoma

Main Article: 2018 Prague, Oklahoma Tornado

EF5 tornado
Wedge tornado 5.png
Duration 8:18 PM CDT – 10:32 PM CDT
Intensity 470 km/h (295 mph) (1-min)
The tornado first touched down at 8:18 PM CDT 2.2 miles west of Bearden. Ranging from an EF0 to EF1, hundreds of trees were downed and hundreds of homes were hit, leaving all types of damage. As an EF3 nearing Prague, 16 were killed along with 358 as the tornado hit 3 neighborhoods.

Reaching peak strength with winds speeds upward of 296 mph (476 km/h), 127 were killed along with 1,439 when not only 6 neighborhoods were hit, over a hundred restaurants, businesses, car dealerships, farms, factories, and schools were destroyed. A reported total of 51,346 vehicles were either mangled beyond recognition or were never found.

Another 33 were killed along with 9 injured as the high-end EF4 destroyed a neighborhood. Ranging from EF1 to EF4 strength, various types of damage occurred as homes and restaurants were damaged.

Loosing strength, the twister caused EF0 to EF1 damage before dissipating at 10:32 PM CDT after causing 176 deaths, another 1,797 injuries, and $7.65 billion in damages.

Immediately rated as an EF5, multiple experts including Timothy Marshall and Thomas Grazulis even stated how some of the worst damage they have ever seen happened from this event.

This twister is still the 5th costliest tornado ever recorded in history. The EF5 was also the 14th costliest tornado of the decade. The NWS gave the violent tornado an EF5 rating 1 hour after beginning their survey. The path reached 61.71 miles and 2.4 miles wide.


Newcastle, Oklahoma

Main Article: 2018 Newcastle, Oklahoma Tornado

EF3 tornado
Pelfrey-dibble-02-thumb.jpg
Duration 7:23 PM CDT – 8:14 PM CDT
Intensity 260 km/h (160 mph) (1-min)
Notable Individual Outbreaks
March 2018 Tornado OutbreakSuper Outbreak of 2018Tornado Outbreak of May 15, 2018Tornado Outbreak of May 16, 2018Tornado Outbreak sequence of May 21-26, 2018Tornado Outbreak of May 30-31, 2018June 16, 2018 Tornado OutbreakJune 21, 2018 Tornado OutbreakTornado Outbreak of July 2, 2018Tornado Outbreak of July 6-7, 2018Tornado Outbreak of July 18-21, 2018August 2-4, 2018 Tornado Outbreak2018 Northeastern Oklahoma Tornado OutbreakTornado Outbreak of December 30-31, 2018Tornado Outbreak of February 18-19, 2019Tornado Outbreak of March 6-8, 2019Tornado outbreak of March 17-19, 2019Tornado Outbreak Sequence of June 13-19, 2019Super Outbreak of 20202027 Super OutbreakSuper Outbreak of 20372043 Super Outbreak2065 Super Outbreak2265 Florida Tornado Outbreak
Hitman's 2018 Outbreaks
January 2, 2018 tornado outbreakJanuary 14, 2018 Midwest tornado outbreakMarch 2018 Tornado OutbreakSuper Outbreak of 2018Tornado Outbreak of May 15, 2018Tornado Outbreak of May 16, 2018Tornado Outbreak sequence of May 21-26, 2018Tornado Outbreak of May 30-31, 2018June 16, 2018 Tornado OutbreakJune 21, 2018 Tornado OutbreakTornado Outbreak of July 2, 2018 Tornado Outbreak of July 6-7, 2018Tornado Outbreak of July 18-21, 2018August 2-4, 2018 Tornado Outbreak2018 Northeastern Oklahoma Tornado OutbreakTornado Outbreak of December 30-31, 2018


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